The Philippines has an exclusive economic zone that covers 2,263,816 square kilometers (874,064 sq mi) of sea. It claims an EEZ of 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its shores. … It is bordered by the Philippine Sea to the east and north, the South China Sea to the west, and the Celebes Sea to the south.
What does EEZ mean?
An Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a concept adopted at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea (1982), whereby a coastal State assumes jurisdiction over the exploration and exploitation of marine resources in its adjacent section of the continental shelf, taken to be a band extending 200 miles from …
What does EEZ allow?
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)
In this zone, a coastal State has the exclusive right to exploit or conserve any resources found within the water, on the sea floor, or under the sea floor’s subsoil. These resources encompass both living resources, such as fish, and non-living resources, such as oil and natural gas.
Who can use EEZ?
It is a sovereign territory of the state. However, foreign ships, both civilian and military, are permitted ‘innocent passage’ through it. The sovereignty also includes the seabed below and the airspace above. The EEZ starts at the edge of the territorial sea.
Why is the EEZ important?
What is the significance of the EEZs? An exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a zone in the ocean in which the adjacent nation has jurisdiction. … A country can also allow foreign vessels to fish in its EEZ and can sell them fishing licenses.
What happens when EEZ overlap?
The other interesting thing to look at is what happens when EEZ overlap. In these cases the border has to be split (usually down the middle). That means bodies of water such as the Mediterranean, North Sea, and Caribbean Sea are completely full. … Law of Sea & Exclusive Economic Zone.
Is EEZ a territory?
“Maritime zones beyond the territorial sea, such as the EEZ and continental shelf, are not considered to comprise part of a State’s territory under international law,” it added.
Is the 12 mile rule applicable in the Philippines?
Carpio explained: “Under international law, the Philippines has sovereignty over its territorial sea (12 nautical miles), and jurisdiction over its EEZ (beyond 12 nautical miles up to 200 nautical miles). International law does not recognize sovereignty beyond the 12-nautical mile territorial sea.”