The drought conditions in Thailand were caused by a shorter-than-normal monsoon season and below-average annual rainfall in 2019. … The drought has caused saltwater intrusion in some areas in Thailand’s water supplies, where water from the sea is encroaching up the river.
What causes drought in Thailand?
The main cause of drought is low level of water source in the reservoirs which will effect to agricultural sector and water for consumption such water supply in household and industry sector. … Agricultural Sector The paddy filed in Thailand is considered main land using as 70 %, farm crops 20 % and other 10 %.
What was the drought caused by?
Droughts are caused by low precipitation over an extended period of time. Atmospheric conditions such as climate change, ocean temperatures, changes in the jet stream, and changes in the local landscape are all factors that contribute to drought.
Why does Thailand use so much water?
The primary sources for drinking water for many Thai citizens are from surface and ground water sources. Untreated domestic sewage, industrial wastewater and solid hazardous wastes have increased in the surface water bodies. It is reported that one third of the surface water is of poor quality in Thailand.
Why is the air quality so bad in Thailand?
Contributors to poor air quality in Thailand include power generation from coal, the manufacturing, refining, and mining industries, vehicle emissions, and waste burning. Seasonal variations exist, with high levels of air pollution in the dry season (January to April).
How does Thailand get water?
Groundwater is an important source of water in Thailand. … It is estimated that 75 percent of domestic water is obtained from groundwater sources. The groundwater system in Thailand is mainly recharged by rainfall of about 40 000 million m3 and by seepage from the rivers.
Is Thailand polluted?
In 2019, Thailand was ranked as the 28th most polluted country out of the 98 countries ranked in IQAir’s 2019 World Air Quality Report, with a yearly PM2. 5 rating of 24.3 μg/m3, putting it at a rating of moderate risk to health according to the US Air Quality Index.
How can we prevent drought?
Being mindful of the amount of water you use each day can be a powerful way to prevent droughts. Turning off the faucet while you brush your teeth, watering your garden early in the morning so less water evaporates, and installing low-flow plumbing fixtures all are good ways to prevent wasted water.
How does climate change cause drought?
The excess heat now trapped in the climate system draws out more moisture from soils, thereby worsening drought conditions. Reduced snowpack volumes, earlier snowmelt, and changing precipitation patterns – also linked to climate change – exacerbate the water stress induced by droughts.
How much of Thailand is surrounded by water?
Geography of Thailand
|Satellite view of Thailand|
|• Total||513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi)|
Is tap water safe in Thailand?
Can I Drink the Water in Thailand? Don’t drink tap water in Thailand, stick to boiled or treated water. Don’t worry too much about the ice as there’s an extensive network of ice factories which use purified water. … For the same reason you don’t drink the water, take care when you’re swimming in it.