In all contractual, property or other relations, when one of the parties is at a disadvantage on account of his moral dependence, ignorance, indigence, mental weakness, tender age or other handicap, the courts must be vigilant for his protection.
What do you understand by Civil Code explain in brief?
A uniform civil code here refers to a single law, applicable to all citizens of India in their personal matters such as marriage, divorce, custody, adoption and inheritance. … It provides that the State shall endeavour to secure for all citizens a Uniform Civil Code throughout the territory of India.
What is the meaning of Civil Code of the Philippines?
The Civil Code of the Philippines is the product of the codification of private law in the Philippines. It is the general law that governs family and property relations in the Philippines. It was enacted in 1950, and remains in force to date with some significant amendments.
What is the purpose of Civil Code?
A civil code is a codification of private law relating to property, family, and obligations. A jurisdiction that has a civil code generally also has a code of civil procedure.
What aspects in the people’s lives are protected by the Civil Code of the Philippines?
They have equal rights in civil, political, social, and cultural aspects of life. The State shall protect and defend them from discrimination, exploitation, trafficking, assault, battery and other forms of abuse and violence.
What are the advantages of uniform civil code?
The greatest benefit that would result from Uniform Civil Code is a more egalitarian society where every single individual would be guided by the same laws relating to personal issues. Absence of Uniform Civil Code undermines the credibility of secularism in India and promotes social disparity.
Who passed Hindu code?
The Hindu code bills were several laws passed in the 1950s that aimed to codify and reform Hindu personal law in India. Following India’s independence in 1947, the Indian National Congress government led by Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru with the help of Dr. B. R.
What is Article 21 of the Civil Code of the Philippines?
Any person who wilfully causes loss or injury to another in manner that is contrary to morals, good customs or public policy shall compensate the latter for the damage.
What are the 4 types of civil law?
Four of the most important types of civil law deal with 1) contracts, 2) property, 3) family relations, and 4) civil wrongs causing physical injury or injury to property (tort). C.
What are the damages in the Philippines under Civil Code?
In Philippine laws, there are six kinds of damages, namely: Actual or compensatory Damages. Moral Damages. Exemplary or corrective Damages.
Which countries have a civil code?
The civil-law tradition
Quebec is the only province with a civil code, which is based on the French Code Napoléon (Napoleonic Code). The rest of Canada uses the common law. The Criminal Code is also considered a code, and it is used throughout Canada.
What does art 10 of the Civil Code say?
the silence, obscurity or insufficiency of the laws. presumed that the lawmaking body intended right and justice to prevail. stated in Article 10. shall not be countenanced.
What are the sources of the Civil Code?
Sources of Philippine Civil Law
- Administrative or general orders not contrary to the constitution.
- Statutes, laws, presidential decrees, executive orders, or batas pambansa.
- Jurisprudence and judicial customs.
- Decisions of foreign courts if applicable.
- Principles governing analogous cases.