Shifting cultivation, called “shwe pyaung taung ya,” is the dominant agricultural system in Myanmar’s upland areas. … Fallow periods in Myanmar tend to range from around 5 years to over 20 years. After the fallow period, the same areas are cleared again for cultivation.
What is shifting cultivation?
Shifting agriculture is a system of cultivation in which a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time, then abandoned and allowed to revert to producing its normal vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.
What is shifting cultivation called in Zaire?
After some negative experience with the introduction of European methods of permanent cultivation, shifting cultivation termed the “Bantu system” came to be recognized as “perfectly adapted to heavy rain forest” [De Coene, 1956].
Who uses shifting cultivation?
Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics.
What tools are used in shifting cultivation?
The farmers use simple tools such as machetes, sickles, axes and sticks. Instead of buying seeds, they use seeds saved from the prrevious harvest. Much work is required in the clearing and burning of trees and undergrowth , as well as in the sowimg of seeds. Less work, however, is required durimg the growing process.
What crops are grown in Manipur?
Common horticulture crops grown in the State are Kharif vegetables (French bean, Cucurbits, Tomatoes, Brinjal, Bhindi, Colocecia, Alocacia), Rabi vegetables (Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Pea, Broad bean, Radish, Carrot, Broccoli, lettuce, Capsicum), Spices (Onion, Garlic, Chilli, Ginger, Turmeric, Hatkora) Fruits and …
Where was the shifting cultivation popular in India?
Shifting cultivation or jhum, predominantly practiced in the north-east of India is an agricultural system where a farming community slashes secondary forests on a predetermined location, burns the slash and cultivates the land for a limited number of years.
Is shifting cultivation good or bad?
The shifting cultivation is considered devastating and disadvantageous as it not only cause harm to the ecosystem but also exerts negative impacts on economy. On the contrary, many studies concluded that tribals or practitioners of shifting cultivation are part of conservation.