R.A. 3046 of June 17, 1961 defined the territorial sea of the Philippines as follows: “all the waters within the limits set forth in the [Treaty of Paris between the United States and Spain of 1898, the treaty between the United States and Spain of November 7, 1900, and the treaty between the United States and Great …
What is the territorial waters of the Philippines?
Carpio explained: “Under international law, the Philippines has sovereignty over its territorial sea (12 nautical miles), and jurisdiction over its EEZ (beyond 12 nautical miles up to 200 nautical miles). International law does not recognize sovereignty beyond the 12-nautical mile territorial sea.”
What can you say about Philippine territorial sea?
A nautical mile is equivalent to 1.852 kilometers or 1.1508 miles. Those 12 nautical miles constitute the country’s territorial sea. Anything within the 12 nautical mile area is Philippine territory, which means that anyone or anything within that zone is subject to Philippine laws.
Why is territorial sea important?
The coastal State may, where necessary having regard to the safety of navigation, require foreign ships exercising the right of innocent passage through its territorial sea to use such sea lanes and traffic separation schemes as it may designate or prescribe for the regulation of the passage of ships.
How territorial waters are different from high seas?
Territorial waters are thus to be distinguished on the one hand from the high seas, which are common to all countries, and on the other from internal or inland waters, such as lakes wholly surrounded by the national territory or certain bays or estuaries.
Why West Philippine Sea is important?
The Philippine Sea is known as a hotspot and a center of marine biodiversity. The South China Sea, including the West Philippine Sea, accounts for 12% of the world’s annual fish catch, worth $21 billion. … The Kalayaan Islands area holds the key to the long-term sustainability of the Philippines’ marine resources.
Why is Philippines a sovereign state?
The sovereignty of the Philippines refers to the status of the Philippines as an independent nation. … On June 12, 1898, Aguinaldo’s nascent government proclaimed independence from Spain. This proclamation, however, did not dissolve Spanish sovereignty over the Philippines, which continued despite this declaration.