The principalía or noble class was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the pueblos of the Spanish Philippines, comprising the Gobernadorcillo, who was later referred to as Capitan Municipal (who had functions similar to a town mayor), El Teniente de Justicia (Lieutenants of Justice), and the Cabezas de …
What was the highest social class in Spanish colonial society?
Peninsulares, people from Spain, were at the top of the social structure, followed by creoles, or people of Spanish descent born in the Americas. Mulattoes were people of mixed African and European descent, while mestizos were of mixed Indian and European descent; these groups were in the middle.
What are the 3 social classes in the Philippines during Spanish colonization?
Students will learn about: who the Ilustrados, Creoles, Mestizos, and the Peninsulares are, and the role these ethnic groups played in the development of the Filipino Nationalism.
What are the 4 levels of Spanish colonial society?
Follow Us: The Spanish colonies consisted of a caste system of peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos and mulattoes, and Native Americans and Africans.
What was the name given to the Spanish colonist living in America?
The Spanish colonization of the Americas began under the Crown of Castile, and was spearheaded by the Spanish conquistadors. The Americas were invaded and incorporated into the Spanish Empire, with the exception of Brazil, British America, and some small regions in South America and the Caribbean.
What are the negative effects of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
The Spanish colonization however had major negative impacts on the indigenous people that settled in Trinidad such as the decrease of the population, family separation, starvation and the lost of their culture and tradition.
What are the disadvantages of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Throughout the colonization of the Philippines, the Spanish benefited economically from the Philippines but hindered the natives socially and through taxation. … Two main ways that Spain was detrimental to Filipinos was by improper taxation and the friars and priests enforcing religion, language, and social norms.
What are the aims of Spanish colonization in the Philippines?
Spain had three objectives in its policy toward the Philippines, its only colony in Asia: to acquire a share in the spice trade, to develop contacts with China and Japan in order to further Christian missionary efforts there, and to convert the Filipinos to Christianity.
What social class developed the consciousness of the Filipino to fight Spain?
The Creoles, despite being regarded by the Peninsulares as inferior to them, had enjoyed various government and church positions, and composed the majority of the government bureaucracy. The sense of national consciousness came from the Creoles, who now regard themselves as “Filipino”.
Which is the correct order of the Spanish class system?
Answer Expert Verified. The correct order of the social classes in Spanish colonial society would be “D) Peninsulares, Creoles, mestizos, Native Americans,” with Peninsulares being at the “top”.
How many years did the Spanish colonized Philippines?
The Spanish colonial period of the Philippines began when explorer Ferdinand Magellan came to the islands in 1521 and claimed it as a colony for the Spanish Empire. The period lasted until the Philippine Revolution in 1898.
What are the negative effects of American colonization in the Philippines?
The American colonization of the Philippines lasted between 1898 and 1946. Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans.