In 1571, the Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi landed in Manila and declared it a city founded in the name of the King: “in his name will I defend it, maintaining peace and justice for all Spaniards, citizens, and foreigners, and for all the natives, giving equal justice to the rich and to the poor, to the …
Was named distinguished and ever loyal city by Legaspi?
The following year, Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived at the mouth of the Pasig River and claimed the islands in the name of the King of Spain. He established the “distinguished and ever loyal city” of Manila, proclaiming it as the capital.
Who named Manila?
Manila is the evolved Spanish form of the native placename Maynilà, which comes from the Tagalog phrase may-nilà (“where indigo is found”). Nilà is derived from the Sanskrit word nīla (नील) which refers to indigo, and, by extension, to several plant species from which this natural dye can be extracted.
What is the language of Manila?
Tagalog has always been the language of Manila, the political and economic center of the Philippines during the Spanish and American eras.
What are the 4 districts of Manila?
Instead, the region is divided into four geographic areas called “districts.” The districts have their district centers at the four original cities in the region: the city-district of Manila (Capital District), Quezon City (Eastern Manila), Caloocan (Northern Manila, also informally known as Camanava), and Pasay ( …
Why was Manila declared an open city during WWII?
On Dec. 26, 1941, amidst the threats of the Japanese attack, Manila was declared an Open City by Field Marshal Douglas MacArthur in an effort to spare the city and its inhabitants from damage and harm. All military installations were ordered removed as local policemen were left to maintain order.
Why was Rome declared an open city?
In making such a declaration, the fascist government and King Victor Emmanuel II were openly announcing that they were abandoning all efforts to defend the Italian capital – thus declaring the city “open” – in the hopes of minimizing further civilian casualties and preserving the Eternal City’s many ancient landmarks …